San Francisco Agreement

Japan will immediately begin negotiations with allied powers to conclude bilateral and multilateral agreements to regulate or limit fishing, as well as the conservation and development of deep-sea fishing. Article 3 of the treaty left the Bonin Islands and Ryukyu Islands, including Okinawa and the Aamami, Miyako and Yaeyama Islands, under possible U.S. tutelage. While the treaty proposed that these territories become trustees in the United States, this option was ultimately not pursued. The Amami Islands were finally repatriated to Japan on 25 December 1953 and to Japan on 5 April 1968. [28] In 1969, negotiations between the United States and Japan allowed the transfer of authority over the Ryky to Japan in 1972. In 1972, the “rykys” were “reversed” by the United States, with the resignation of control of the neighbouring Senkaku Islands. [29] The People`s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) argue that this agreement did not determine the final sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands. China was not invited because there were differences of opinion on whether the established but defeated Republic of China (Taiwan) or the newly created People`s Republic of China (in mainland China) represented the Chinese people.

Indeed, an internal political debate in the United States led the Republican Party and the U.S. military to support the Kuomintang party and accuse President Truman of abandoning anti-communism. [8] China`s absence from the table would later have proved to be a role in the South China Sea conflict. Burma, India and Yugoslavia were invited but did not participate; [9] India considered certain provisions of the treaty to be a restriction on Japan`s sovereignty and independence. [10] On June 9, 1952, India signed a separate peace treaty, the Peace Treaty between Japan and India, to give Japan a just position of honor and equality in the community of free nations. [11] Italy was also not invited, although its government made an official declaration of war in Japan on July 14, 1945, a few weeks before the end of the war. [12] Although Pakistan did not exist as a state at the time of the war, it was invited because it was considered a successor state of British India, an important fighter against Japan. [Citation required] Portugal was also not invited, although despite Portugal`s status as a neutral country, its territory of East Timor was invaded by Japan during the war.

[Citation necessary] a) Japan will immediately begin negotiations with one of the allied powers for bilateral or multilateral agreements on international civil air transport at the request of these powers. (a) Japan declares its ready to immediately begin negotiations for agreements or agreements with allied powers in order to establish their trade, maritime and trade relations on a stable and friendly basis.